Without these practices, the chances of ‘below par performance’ of the Hybrid palms is likely to happen.
Plantation & Irrigation
- In Rocky and Clayey soil, pit size should be increased to 4’x4’x4’ instead of 3’x3’x3’
- Remove soil accumulation at the collar region of the seedlings.
- Irrigate Hybrid coconut plants on daily basis to maintain required moisture level at the root zone for good nutrient intake.
- Mulching is required to be carried in the summer months to avoid the moisture evaporation and the resultant root damage.
- Regular Soil and Water analysis helps to know the Nutrient status of the farm area and is useful for the nutrient management of the trees.
Fertilizer/ Nutrient application
- Growing Green manure crops such as Sun hemp and Diancha in the basin areas helps in fixing nitrogen in the soil.
- Apply fertilizers half feet away from the girth of palm at 4th month, 1 feet away from girth at eighth month, 3 feet away from the girth at 15th month and 4 feet away from the girth after 24 months.
- Regular application of VAM or any Bio fertilizers improves the nutrient uptake from the soil.
Pests & Disease Prevention
- Installing Pheromone traps in the borders of the garden can arrest the population of Rhinoceros beetle and Red palm Weevil.
- Daily observation of the plants for beetle attack helps in providing immediate treatment that saves the plant.
- Releasing the Predators like Crysoperla against Whiteflies and Goniozus nephantidis against Black headed caterpillar helps to keep the pest population in control.
- Regular spraying of Nimbecidine on the new buttons after pollination stage helps in arresting Eriophyid mite attack on the fruit bunches.